The battle to control diabetes never ends, but with a bit of knowledge and commitment, diabetes management can become automatic. Even though there is no natural cure for diabetes, you can live a normal, healthy life if you manage your blood glucose levels well.
The pancreas doesn’t function as efficiently as it should in type 2 diabetes. The body is unable to adequately convert glucose into energy when it develops insulin resistance and too much glucose is released into the bloodstream. Making healthy lifestyle changes, like eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and monitoring blood glucose levels, is often enough to control type 2 diabetes.
Here are a few effective ways to control your diabetes:
1. Food consumption habits
For the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes, the liver fails to recognize when the blood contains sufficient amounts of glucose and continues to produce more. If we go for prolonged periods without eating, our bodies use the glucose our liver releases to nourish themselves (even when we sleep). The main influence on blood sugar levels comes from carbohydrates. It’s critical for persons using mealtime insulin to be aware of the number of carbohydrates in their diet to adjust their insulin dosage appropriately.
Instead of opting for three large meals, spread out 5 or 6 smaller meals throughout the day to keep your body active during digestion and improve insulin sensitivity.
So, skipping a meal is never a good idea, especially in the morning.
2. Consumption of nutritious foods
For a diabetic diet, all meals should contain a healthy balance of carbs, fruits, vegetables, proteins, and fats. The key to eating the right carbohydrates is choosing those good for blood sugar. Some carbs, such as those found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, are healthier for diabetes than others. Despite their low carbohydrate content, these foods also contain a high fiber level, which helps to stabilize blood sugar levels. Ask your doctor, nurse, or nutritionist for advice on the healthiest dietary options for you.
3. Maintain an active lifestyle
Numerous health advantages of being active include improved cardiovascular and blood circulation, lowered cholesterol, and improved weight management. When thinking about how to control diabetes, losing weight is a frequent technique. In addition, exercising helps to increase insulin sensitivity. Exercise can be as easy as going for a 15-20 minute brisk walk each day, or you can work with your doctor to plan something more rigorous.
4. Health issues and stress
It’s crucial to balance your diet, prescription drugs, and physical activity at this stage while taking hormones into consideration. To combat sickness and anxiety, our bodies produce stress-related hormones, but these chemicals also push up blood sugar levels. Ensure your pantry is stocked with easy-to-digest foods like unsalted crackers, yogurt, and mild soups.
5. Medical care and Monitoring
You should closely monitor your body’s response to any changes you make in your lifestyle. If you do, you will more likely maintain healthy habits and break bad ones.
Self-medicating with over-the-counter medications is never a good idea. If you are taking medication that your doctor prescribed, you still need to keep an eye on how your body responds to it and notify your doctor if anything alarming occurs, such as a sharp drop in blood glucose levels.
However, it is important to identify the types of diabetes and get it tested by a medical expert. With this, you get to control it and lead a better lifestyle.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the kidneys produce a lot of urine and the body is unable to regulate the quantity of glucose (a form of sugar) in the blood. When the body does not produce enough insulin or does not utilize it properly, this condition develops.
A number of conditions and factors can lead to this chronic, lifelong condition. People with high blood glucose or sugar levels are affected. A hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas, is responsible for carrying glucose into the bloodstream where it provides energy to the body. If glucose is not transmitted throughout the body due to the absence of insulin, then the glucose content gets accumulated in the blood. Therefore, a person who is either insulin-deficient or insulin-limited is more likely to develop diabetes at any given point in time.
Understanding the types and causes of this chronic illness is crucial given that diabetes can be inescapable for the majority of people, particularly if one is obese or has a family history of the disease along with other risk factors for health.
There are three types of diabetes. They are:
The majority of cases of type 1 diabetes, commonly known as juvenile-onset diabetes, occur in children and teenagers.
Causes: It happens when the body uses antibodies to fight its own pancreas, causing the organ to be damaged and unable to generate insulin. The existence of damaged beta cells, which the pancreas needs to create insulin, could be another factor. Because of these factors, Type 1 diabetes is recognised as being entirely insulin-dependent and requiring either injections or insulin pumps for administration.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. This form is diagnosed in more than 95% of adults, and if left untreated, can cause major health issues.
Causes: Type 2 diabetes results from either insufficient insulin production by the pancreas or insulin resistance in body cells. Those with insulin resistance and obesity are more likely to experience this. Although Type 2 is thought to be less difficult and aggressive than Type 1, diabetes in any form can be deadly if not treated with medication.
TYPE 3: Gestational diabetes
Diabetic complications commonly occur in pregnant women during their middle to late stages of pregnancy.
Factors contributing to the condition include genetics, environment, hormonal changes, and the metabolic demands of pregnancy. Mothers with high blood sugar levels, which circulate through their placenta, may harm their infants. It’s good news that this particular type of diabetes is only transient and will disappear when you have a child. In spite of this, research indicates that about 10% of pregnant women who develop gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes in the future.
Diabetes is a battle that requires teamwork to prevail. Use these easy steps to manage your diabetes and alter your lifestyle. Create your ideal team and support network, including your physician, dietician, dentist, pharmacist, and members of your family and social network. They’ll support you in staying on track.